What is CBD Oil?
What Exactly Is CBD Oil? Our Ultimate 2022 Guide
Cannabis oil (CBD), a substance made by the cannabis plant, is rapidly gaining popularity and is on its way to becoming widely accepted. CBD oil is being incorporated into a wide range of products, from tinctures and drops to CBD-infused edibles and CBD balms, as well as a variety of cosmetics. CBD oil is also gaining popularity among pet owners who want to help their pets live longer, healthier lives.
The Evolution of CBD Oil in the Modern Era
Medicines such as opioids were developed in the early twentieth century. Cannabis-based preparations' use began to decline. Many medications, however, have been developed that combine cannabis with other pharmaceuticals in everything from cough syrup to sleep aids.
By the 1930s, the war on cannabis had erupted, and cannabis cultivation had become illegal. The Controlled Substances Act banned the possession of any form of cannabis in 1970, listing cannabis — including both hemp and marijuana — as a Schedule I substance with no medicinal benefits and a high risk of dependence.
The mysteries of cannabinoids, including CBD, began to unravel in the late 1960s as researchers discovered the role of the human endocannabinoid system in maintaining good health. We'll go over this in more detail later.
However, as the 1970s progressed, cannabis was once again used for medical purposes. Despite the federal prohibition, the state of California legalised the use of cannabis for the treatment of certain medical conditions in 1996, nearly a quarter-century later.
CBD oil is now widely available in the United States, and research into the effects of CBD on the human body has increased significantly. Modern technology has provided methods for refining and isolating hemp-derived CBD, as well as increasing the bioavailability of CBD oil via nanoemulsions, which make CBD water-soluble and increase its potency.
The Evolution of CBD Oil in the Modern Era
CBD oil is a popular oil derived from the cannabis plant's flowers and leaves. It is used for a variety of purposes by people all over the world.
A wide range CBD oil contains a number of active compounds, including cannabinoids and terpenes, which we will go over in more detail in Chapter 2. These compounds work even better in each other's presence, enhancing the health benefits of CBD products.
Other beneficial components may be present in a product depending on its formulation, such as omega fatty acids, amino acids, vitamins, and minerals.
About the Cannabis Plant
Cannabis is a member of the Cannabaceae plant family. Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa are the two most common cannabis plant species grown for human consumption.
Because Sativa plants grow taller and produce more fibre, they are the species from which hemp cultivation evolved. Indica plants are shorter and bushier, making them less suitable for farming for industrial or food purposes, but they are ideal for producing medical marijuana.
CBD Oil Variants
Now let us look at some of the different types of CBD oil products and compare their qualities. It's important to remember that some of these terms have evolved as the industry has grown.
What Exactly Is Full Spectrum CBD Oil?
Terpenes are another class of compounds that we discussed earlier. Terpenes and other cannabinoid compounds similar to CBD can be found in raw PCR hemp extract. We refer to these products as full spectrum CBD oils because they retain the natural balance of cannabinoids and terpenes found in the original plant.
What Exactly Is Broad Spectrum CBD Oil?
A full spectrum CBD oil is very similar to a broad spectrum CBD oil. As previously stated, full spectrum CBD oil retains the original concentrations of cannabinoids and terpenes found in raw PCR hemp extract.
Broad spectrum CBD oil contains these beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes, but only trace amounts of THC have been extracted. This is ideal for those who do not want any THC in their CBD products.
What Exactly Is CBD Isolate?
CBD could be separated and purified as well. CBD isolate is the industry term for pure CBD. Cannabinoids are solid crystals in their pure form and at room temperature. Cannabinoids are colourless and odourless when purified. CBD isolate can be consumed on its own or as an additive in other products such as edibles and beverages. Unfortunately, CBD isolate lacks the beneficial terpenes and other cannabinoids found in the plant.
What Exactly Is CBD-Rich Oil/Phytocannabinoid-Rich (PCR) Oil?
CBD-rich oil is another term you may hear. This term is commonly used to describe CBD oil that has undergone preliminary filtration and distillation steps to remove unwanted compounds such as chlorophyll and waxes. The resulting product contains more CBD than the raw extract, hence the term CBD-rich oil.
What Exactly Is CBD-Infused Oil?
Fruit and Kuma Organics products assorted
The term CBD-infused can refer to either a product infused with purified CBD isolate or a product infused with a CBD-rich, full spectrum or broad spectrum concentrate. A properly labelled product will list the ingredients that were used.
If "CBD isolate" is listed among the ingredients, the product is not full spectrum. If the ingredients list "CBD-rich hemp oil (or extract)" or "full/broad spectrum CBD oil," you're getting a CBD product with a full/broad spectrum. It is critical to understand which ingredients are in a product because they produce different results.
A Collection of CBD Oil Products
To give a brief, there are numerous CBD products available, each with varying levels of CBD as well as other cannabinoids and terpenes.
Natural plant seed oil — This oil is made from hemp seeds and does not contain CBD.
Raw hemp extract — A low-quality CBD oil source.
Raw PCR cbd oil extract — A high-quality, full-spectrum product that is high in CBD and contains naturally occurring hemp compounds such as cbd oil.
CBD focus or distillate — A full spectrum or broad spectrum product that has had undesirable compounds removed.
CBD extract — CBD that has been purified and does not contain any other beneficial terpenes or cannabinoids.
CBD-rich petro (PCR) — CBD concentrate that is either full spectrum or broad spectrum, or oil infused with CBD concentrate.
EXCEPT for THC, broad spectrum oil contains CBD and the beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes found in hemp.
Hemp — Generally refers to a product that has been infused with pure CBD, but it can also refer to a full spectrum product.
Now that we've defined these terms, let's go over some of the most frequently asked questions by new CBD users.
What Are Terpenes?
Terpenes are a type of volatile hydrocarbon compound produced by most plants, including cannabis. Cannabis, on the other hand, is currently the most terpene-dense plant known to humans. Terpenes evaporate quickly at room temperature, and our noses are extremely sensitive to them.
Terpenes are recognised by the Food and Drug Administration as safe for human consumption and are used in a wide range of food and cosmetic products.
Terpenes act as both a pest repellent and an attractant for pollinators and seed spreaders in nature.
Despite the fact that terpene molecules are all very similar, each has its own distinct scent and flavour. The distinct aromas of cannabis strains are caused by various combinations of terpenes.
Terpenes can also have a significant impact on our bodies. Terpenes, in fact, have been used by humans for millennia in what is commonly known as aromatherapy.
Citrus scent, for example, is primarily produced by a combination of limonene and pinene, both of which are thought to elevate mood.
CBD Oils and Liquids
We previously discussed the fact that there are numerous products marketed as CBD oil. These can range from raw hemp extract to refined products to pure CBD-infused oil.
There are also a variety of oils that are used as a base for CBD oil. Some CBD oil products also include additives such as terpenes, essential oils, and vitamins.
The Benefits and Drawbacks of Oils and Essential oils
Herbal infusions are typically used at home in the morning and evening, but they can also be used at work if your circumstances permit.
The disadvantage of herbs and oils is that they are difficult to transport. When you're on the go, they can get a little messy. They are also commonly packaged in a breakable bottle with a breakable dropper. Tinctures, for example, are probably not the best choice if you're looking for a product to take hiking.
Kuma Organics softgels are created with a patent-pending water-soluble nanoemulsion technology that encapsulates active ingredients in nano-sized emulsions. Nanoemulsion CBD oil droplets are typically 4 to 200 times smaller than the industry standard.
Because of the smaller size, there is much greater absorption in the blood, resulting in extremely high bioavailability. As a result, less nanoemulsion CBD oil is required to achieve the same results as regular CBD oil.
The Benefits and Drawbacks of Capsules
As previously stated, capsules deliver a serving of CBD directly into your stomach because they dissolve quickly.
Capsules are also very convenient and easy to use, and they allow for precise serving sizes. If a CBD Softgels capsule contains 25 milligrammes of CBD, you know you're getting a serving of 25 milligrammes of CBD, assuming you're using a reputable manufacturer with good production methods.
One disadvantage of capsules is that they take longer to feel their effects. Also, as previously stated, when taken on an empty stomach, very little CBD enters your body because the majority of it is directly absorbed into the lining of your stomach. However, this isn't the case.
CBD creams and lotions Topicals containing CBD include skin creams, balms, salves, and oils. These products, once again, can be infused with pure CBD or contain PCR CBD oil.
The same principle applies: products containing full or broad spectrum oils will contain additional beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes.
Topicals frequently contain a variety of additional beneficial ingredients designed to enhance the overall benefits of CBD products. Skin creams, for example, may contain moisturisers, vitamin E, collagen, and other ingredients.
Anti-inflammatory ingredients in pain creams may help the product penetrate deeper into tissues and relieve pain. Other soothing and healing ingredients, such as aloe, may be found in salves.
Topical Benefits and Drawbacks
Topicals (such as CBD Salve) are ideal for targeting a specific area of skin or the underlying muscles and joints. They deliver CBD and other beneficial ingredients directly to the areas where they are most effective.
They do, however, take some time to apply and can be a little messy. If you use these types of products on a regular basis, this may not be an issue for you.
Another factor to consider is that when CBD is consumed orally or inhaled, it enters all areas of your body, including your skin. If overall skin health is your goal, you may prefer to use one of those other applications instead of applying a topical all over your skin.
As a side note, when receiving a massage, an oil is typically applied to the entire body. This is an excellent opportunity to pamper your skin by incorporating CBD oil into your massage oil.
Choosing a Trusted Manufacturer
Doing some internet research on CBD companies themselves is another way to narrow down your list of CBD oil manufacturers. Some brand names are consistently portrayed positively, while others have a lot of negative reviews.
In some cases, smaller, more obscure companies produce high-quality CBD but do not have a lot of reviews. Don't automatically rule them out. To determine if they will be accepted, use the methods above.
Generally, products produced in regions other than the U.S. or Western Europe are of lower quality. There are many great CBD oil producers in the United States to choose from, so it's best to stick with products made in the United States.
Choosing a Trusted Manufacturer
To conclude, let us summarise the key points that you should take away from this document.
Before you start using CBD oil, you should have some goals in mind. You may not be getting enough sleep, for example, or you may be experiencing discomfort after working out. Determine the benefits of the CBD product you want to buy so you can decide whether or not it's right for you.
Choose Your Serving
If you're taking CBD oil for health maintenance, you should take lower doses. Anything more than 50 milligrammes per day may be excessive. You may only require 25 milligrammes per day or less.
Moreover, if you are using CBD for a reason other than wellness support, you may require a higher serving. You could also be taking medications that interact with CBD. There could be other factors to consider. To determine your ideal serving, you should consult with a qualified medical professional who is well-versed in the use of CBD.